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Title: Treated sewage effluent - an alternative water supply for irrigation in the Maltese Island
Other Titles: Non-conventional water use : WASAMED project
Authors: Mangion, John
Micallef, Paul
Attard, George
Keywords: Water treatment plants -- Waste disposal -- Malta
Water quality management -- Malta
Sewage irrigation -- Malta
Sewage disposal -- Malta
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: CIHEAM/EU DG Research
Citation: Mangion, J., Micallef, P., Attard, G. (2005). Treated sewage effluent: an alternative water supply for the Maltese Islands. In A. Hamdy, F. El Gamal, N. Lamaddalena, C. Bogliotti, & R. Guelloubi (Eds.), Non-conventional water use: WASAMED project (pp. 305-310). Bari : CIHEAM/EU DG Research.
Abstract: Water is a scarce substance in the Maltese islands because of geographic and climatic conditions. Malta has no surface waters that can be economically exploited; the islands depend on frail groundwater resources that are subject to fierce competition and constant pressure resulting from intense human activity over a relatively small territory. As a result, the status of groundwater in Malta is today under constant threat of anthropogenic activity that is reflected through quality and quantity depletion of the resource. Malta is among the first 10 top-ranking countries in global water scarcity with the highest competition index (Table 1) of 24,800 inh/hm3.yr in 1995 (Margat and Vallee, 2000).
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