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Title: Biochemical evidence that the atypical antipsychotic drugs clozapine and risperidone block 5-HT2C receptors in vivo
Authors: Di Matteo, Vincenzo
Cacchio, Marisa
Di Giulio, Camillo
Di Giovanni, Giuseppe
Esposito, Ennio
Keywords: Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2C
Antipsychotic drugs
Issue Date: 2002
Publisher: Elsevier Inc.
Citation: Di Matteo, V., Cacchio, M., Di Giulio, C., Di Giovanni, G., & Esposito, E. (2002). Biochemical evidence that the atypical antipsychotic drugs clozapine and risperidone block 5-HT2C receptors in vivo. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 71(4), 607-613.
Abstract: Clozapine and risperidone are two atypical antipsychotic drugs which bind, among other receptors, to 5-HT2C receptor subtypes. They inhibit the basal inositol phosphate production in mammalian cells expressing rat or human 5-HT2C receptors. This biochemical effect is indicative of inverse agonist activity at these receptors. There is evidence that 5-HT2C receptors are involved in the control of the activity of central dopaminergic system. Therefore, the effects of clozapine (5 mg/kg ip), risperidone (0.08 mg/kg ip) and of the typical antipsychotic haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg ip) were studied on the extracellular concentration of dopamine (DA) in the nucleus accumbens of chloral hydrate-anesthetized rats, using intracerebral microdialysis. When injected alone, clozapine, risperidone and haloperidol caused only small variations in DA efflux. However, clozapine and risperidone completely prevented the inhibitory action of RO 60-0175 (1 mg/kg ip), a 5-HT2C receptor agonist, on DA release. On the other hand, haloperidol did not affect RO 60-0175-induced decrease in DA release. Taken together, these data indicate that clozapine and risperidone, unlike haloperidol, are capable of blocking 5-HT2C receptors in the nucleus accumbens. It is concluded that the experimental model presented in this study might represent a simple and useful in vivo biochemical method to test the effect of putative atypical antipsychotic drugs on 5-HT2C receptors.
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