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Title: Botanical sources of the biomarkers of Mediterranean propolis
Authors: Popova, Milena
Trusheva, Boryana
Cutajar, Simone
Antonova, Daniela
Mifsud, David
Farrugia, Claude
Bankova, Vassya
Keywords: Propolis -- Malta
Bees -- Feeding and feeds -- Malta
Honey -- Malta
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: University of Malta. Department of Chemistry
Citation: Popova, M., Trusheva, B., Cutajar, S., Antonova, D., Mifsud, D., Farrugia, C., & Bankova, V. (2012). Botanical sources of the biomarkers of Mediterranean propolis. Seventh National Chemistry Symposium, Department of Chemistry, University of Malta, Malta.
Abstract: Propolis is a bee product that has been proven to play a significant role in bees’ social immunity, contributing to the overall good health of honeybee colonies. Since bees collect propolis from resinous plant materials, propolis from different geographic regions might be of very specific chemical composition due to the specificity of the local flora. During the last decade, numerous studies have demonstrated the existence of a new European propolis type: Mediterranean, which is characterised by high diterpene concentration and remarkable antibacterial activity. Based on the identified diterpenes, the source plant has been suggested to be some conifer species, most probably of the Cupressaceae family, in which the flora of the Mediterranean Region is very rich. However, Pinus species could not be disregarded as resin sources. In this study we report on the identification of the source of the most abundant and important diterpenes in Mediterranean propolis: the resin of the common cypress, Cupressus sempervirens.
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