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Title: Civil hospitals in Malta in the last two hundred years
Authors: Savona-Ventura, Charles
Keywords: Hospitals -- Malta -- History
Sacra Infermeria (Valletta, Malta) -- History
Santo Spirito Hospital (Rabat, Malta) -- History
St. Luke’s Hospital (Pieta, Malta) -- History
Zammit Clapp Hospital (St. Julians, Malta) -- History
Hospices (Terminal care) -- Malta -- History
Old age homes -- Malta -- History
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Michael Triltsch Verlag
Citation: Savona-Ventura, C. (1999). Civil hospitals in Malta in the last two hundred years. Historia Hospitalium, 21, 45-63
Abstract: The first hospital recorded in Malta was already functioning in 1372, while in the sister island of Gozo a hospital was founded in 1454. The arrival of the Hospitallier Order of St. John to the Islands in 1530 resulted in the expansion of services in the Islands as part of a state-organized social services system. At the end of the eighteenth century (1798), the hospitals in use during the time of the Knights of St. John included the renowned Sacra Infermeria for men and the Casetta for females, both at Valletta serving the southeastern harbour region. The rural central region of the Island was served by the medieval Santo Spirito Hospital situated at Rabat, which served poor patients of both sexes. These hospitals were supplemented by several hospices for the elderly and infirm including the 280-bed hospice for both sexes at Floriana, the 80-bed hospice for both sexes at Saura Hospital at Rabat, and the 15-bed hospice for females at Żebbuġ. There was also a quarantine hospital on Manoel Island. The Island of Gozo was catered for by two hospitals, one for males and one for females, both situated at Victoria. The ousting of the Order by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1798 required a reorganization of the hospital services with a segregation of civil and military patients. The Sacra Infermeria was taken over by the French to be used as a Military Hospital being named the Grand Hôpital. A new Hôpital Civil for male civilians was established in Valletta. This segregation was further augmented during the nineteenth century under British dominion when hospital services were organized for civilians, military and naval personnel.
ISSN: 0440-9043
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SOG

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