Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Lack of association between dopaminergic antagonism and negative symptoms in schizophrenia : a positron emission tomography dopamine D2/3 receptor occupancy study|
Mulsant, Benoit H.
Pollock, Bruce G.
Rajji, Tarek K.
Chung, Jun Ku
Antipsychotic drugs -- Side effects
|Citation:||Fervaha, G., Caravaggio, F., Mamo, D. C., Mulsant, B. H., Pollock, B. G., Nakajima, S., ... & Plitman, E. (2016). Lack of association between dopaminergic antagonism and negative symptoms in schizophrenia: a positron emission tomography dopamine D2/3 receptor occupancy study. Psychopharmacology, 233(21-22), 3803-3813.|
|Abstract:||Rationale Several pre-clinical studies suggest that antipsychotic medications cause secondary negative symptoms. However, direct evidence for a relationship among antipsychotic medications, their direct effects on neurotransmitter systems, and negative symptoms in schizophrenia remains controversial. Objective The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between antipsychotic-related dopamine D2/3 receptor occupancy and negative symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. Methods Forty-one clinically stable outpatients with schizophrenia participated in this prospective dose reduction positron emission tomography (PET) study. Clinical assessments and [11C]-raclopride PET scans were performed before and after participants underwent gradual dose reduction of their antipsychotic medication by up to 40 % from the baseline dose. Results No significant relationship was found between antipsychotic-related dopamine D2/3 receptor occupancy and negative symptom severity at baseline or follow-up. Similar null findings were found for subdomains of negative symptoms (amotivation and diminished expression). Occupancy was significantly lower following dose reduction; however, negative symptom severity did not change significantly, though a trend toward reduction was noted. Examination of change scores between these two variables revealed no systematic relationship. Conclusions Our cross-sectional and longitudinal results failed to find a significant dose-dependent relationship between severity of negative symptoms and antipsychotic-related dopaminergic antagonism in schizophrenia. These findings argue against the notion that antipsychotics necessarily cause secondary negative symptoms. Our results are also in contrast with the behavioral effects of dopaminergic antagonism routinely reported in pre-clinical investigations, suggesting that the role of this variable in the context of chronic treatment and schizophrenia needs to be re-examined.|
|Appears in Collections:||Scholarly Works - FacM&SPsy|
Files in This Item:
|619.15 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open Request a copy|
Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.