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Title: The occurrence and identification of α-thalassemia-2 among hemoglobin S heterozygotes
Authors: Felice, Alex E.
Altay, Cigdem A.
Milner, Paul F.
Huisman, Titus Hendrik Jan
Keywords: Thalassemia
Sickle cell anemia
Issue Date: 1981
Publisher: Oxford Academic
Citation: Felice, A. E., Altay, C. A., Milner, P. F., & Huisman, T. H. (1981). The occurrence and identification of α-thalassemia-2 among hemoglobin S heterozygotes. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 76(1), 70-73.
Abstract: The in-vitro synthesis of hemoglobin (Hb) chains was studied among 60 Hb S heterozygotes (AS) having different quantities of Hb S, including five with an associated α-chain heterozygosity (ASAG). Hematologic values and hemoglobin composition were studied in these cases and in 15 other ASAG heterozygotes. The percentages of Hb S (which fell between 27% and 42%) and the mean corpuscular volume values correlated directly with the α/non-α values, confirming previous suggestions (Huisman, Hemoglobin 1:349, 1977) that the concomitant occurrence of an α-thalassemia-2 heterozygosity (αα(o)/αα;β/β(s)) or homozygosity (α(o)α/α(o)/α; β/β(s)) resulted in intermediate or lower levels of Hb Scompared with Hb S heterozygotes or lower levels of Hb S compared with Hb S heterozygotes having four active α-chain genes (αα/αα; β/β(s)). Among ASAG heterozygotes, the occurrence of low (about 25%), intermediate (about 33%), or high (about 45%) proportions of an α-chain variant resulting from a variability in the number of active α-chain genes due to α-thal-2 coincided with high (39%), intermediate (34%), or low (28%) levels of Hb S, respectively. However, the overlap of biosynthetic data between Hb S heterozygotes with four, three, or two active α-chain genes prevents a reliable diagnosis in individual cases.
Description: Acknowledgments: J. Dobler, M. E. Gravely, S. M. Mayson, A. Miller, and D. Williams provided technical assistance.
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