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Title: The magnitude and distribution of infectious intestinal disease in Malta : a population-based study
Authors: Gauci, Charmaine
Gilles, Herbert M.
O’Brien, Sarah J.
Mamo, Julian
Stabile, Isabel
Ruggeri, Franco Maria
Gatt, Anthony B.
Calleja, Neville
Spiteri, Gianfranco
Keywords: Intestines -- Diseases -- Malta
Infection -- Etiology
Epidemiology -- Research -- Malta
Communicable diseases -- Malta
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Citation: Gauci, C., Gilles, H., O'brien, S., Mamo, J., Stabile, I., Ruggeri, F. M., ... & Spiteri, G. (2007). The magnitude and distribution of infectious intestinal disease in Malta: a population-based study. Epidemiology & Infection, 135(8), 1282-1289.
Abstract: Routine sources of information on infectious intestinal disease (IID) capture a fraction of the actual disease burden. Population studies are required to measure the burden of illness. A retrospective age-stratified cross-sectional telephone study was carried out in Malta in order to estimate the magnitude and distribution of IID at population level. A random sample of 3504 persons was interviewed by a structured questionnaire between April 2004 and December 2005. The response rate was 99. 7%. From the study, the observed standardized monthly prevalence was 3. 18% (95% CI 0. 7–5. 74) with 0. 421 (95% CI 0. 092–0. 771) episodes of IID per person per year. The monthly prevalence was higher in the <5 years age group and in females aged 31–44 years. The mean duration of illness was 6. 8 days and a median duration of 3 days. A bimodal seasonal distribution was observed with peaks in June–July and October–November.
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