Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: A review of kala-azar in Malta from 1947 to 1962
Authors: Cachia, Emmanuel A.
Fenech, Frederick F.
Keywords: Kala-azar -- Malta
Kala-azar -- Diagnosis
Leishmaniasis -- Treatment
Leishmaniasis -- Diagnosis
Iron deficiency anemia -- Malta
Issue Date: 1964-05
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Cachia, E. A., & Fenech, F. F. (1964). A review of kala-azar in Malta from 1947 to 1962. Transactions of The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 58(3), 234-241.
Abstract: Since 1947, there has been a marked fall in the incidence of kala-azar in Malta. The factors responsible for this are the marked improvement in personal and environmental hygiene, reduction in animal reservoir, and DDT spraying. Kala-azar in Malta is a disease of young children. The diagnosis is not difficult and the association of pyrexia, splenomegaly, anaemia and leucopenia in a young child should suggest the diagnosis. This is confirmed by finding the Leishman Donovan bodies by marrow puncture which yields positive results in over 90 per cent. of cases. Splenic puncture is reserved for those cases where marrow puncture is negative. The anaemia is microcytic and hypochromic due to an associated iron deficiency. Neostibosan was the most satisfactory preparation used. It was safe and non-toxic. With Neostibosan, there were no relapses and a mortality of 0.75 per cent.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - ERCMedGen

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Cachia_E.A._ A_Review_Of_Kala-Azar_In_Malta_From_1947_To_1962.PDF
  Restricted Access
438.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open Request a copy

Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.