Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Functional polymorphisms within the TNFRSF11B (osteoprotegerin) gene increase the risk for low bone mineral density
Authors: Vidal, Christopher
Formosa, Robert
Xuereb-Anastasi, Angela
Keywords: Genetic polymorphisms
Genetic polymorphisms -- Malta
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Society for Endocrinology
Citation: Journal of Molecular Endocrinology. 2011, Vol.47, p. 327-333.
Abstract: Polymorphisms within the TNFRSF11B gene have been studied and associated with osteoporosis and fracture risk. Osteoprotegerin (OPG), the product of this gene, is a key negative regulator of osteoclastogenesis and is secreted by osteoblasts/stromal cells. A previous study in Maltese postmenopausal women showed positive association of low bone mineral density (BMD) with a polymorphism found within the promoter region of this gene (C950T). In this study, direct DNA sequencing revealed 12 variants with polymorphisms C950T, G1181C and rs4876869 observed to be in strong linkage disequilibrium. The constructed haplotype T-G-T was found to increase the risk for a low BMD, while C-G-T and C-C-C have a protective role; thus, we investigated the functional role of both C950T and rs4876869 in vitro. The promoter region, including the C950T alleles, was amplified by PCR, cloned into pGL3 enhancer vector and transfected into HeLa, COS-7 and RAW264.7 cell lines. After incubation, luciferase activity was measured. The T/C (rs4876869) change was tested for its possible effect on pre-mRNA splicing, using an exon-trapping vector. A statistical significant difference in gene expression was observed between the alleles for T950C, with the T allele showing a lower luciferase expression in all cell lines (P!0.01). For rs4876869, exon skipping was observed for the C allele, while only one transcript harbouring the whole exon was observed for the T allele. Our findings suggest that the T-G-T haplotype might be increasing the risk for osteoporosis due to lower quantities of the full OPG transcript being expressed resulting in a higher bone resorption.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacHScABS

Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.