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Title: A survey of energy drinks consumption amongst medical students and foundation year doctors in Malta
Authors: Grech, Anton
Axiak, Sally
Pace, Lara
Vella Fondacaro, Daniel
Keywords: Energy drinks
Medical students -- Malta
Physicians -- Malta
Drinking behavior -- Malta
Caffeine habit -- Malta
Issue Date: 2019-12
Publisher: University of Malta. Medical School
Citation: Grech, A., Axiak, S., Pace, L., & Vella Fondacaro, D. (2019). A survey of energy drinks consumption amongst medical students and foundation year doctors in Malta. Malta Medical School Gazette, 3(3), 59-66.
Abstract: Objectives: To explore the consumption patterns of energy drinks and associated factors, amongst medical students and foundation year doctors in Malta. Methods: Data was collected from medical students and foundation year doctors from the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Malta, by means of an electronically administered cross-sectional, self-reported survey. The response rate was 42% (n=305). IBM SPSS 23 was used for statistical analysis. Results: Energy drinks consumption amongst the sample was 68.2% (n= 208). Most participants (60.1%) started consuming energy drinks between 16-20 years, followed by those between 11-15 years (34.6%). Males are more likely to consume energy drinks than females. Participants who consume energy drinks are more likely to also drink coffee (85.1%), alcohol (88.0%) and smoke tobacco (18.3%). Common reasons for drinking energy drinks were for mixing with alcohol (37.5%) and during studying/major projects (30.8%). The majority of the participants (52.1%) experience psychological side effects due to energy drinks, the most common being stimulating/hyperactivity (42.6%), followed by anxiety (14.8%). Over half of the participants (54.8%) claimed to suffer from physical side effects Conclusions: Energy drink consumption is common amongst this population and certain aspects of consumption are a cause for concern. Greater public education of the risks of these drinks is recommended especially to young age groups. Legislation may be required to control the marketing and sales and accessibility of these drinks.
Appears in Collections:MMSG, Volume 3, Issue 3
MMSG, Volume 3, Issue 3
Scholarly Works - FacM&SPsy

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