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Title: Le modele architectural du Tarxien reconstitue par Ugolini : la solution?
Authors: Le Chevretel, Roger
Keywords: Tarxien Temples (Tarxien, Malta)
Megalithic temples -- Malta -- Tarxien
Ugolini, Luigi M. (Luigi Maria), 1895-1936
Architecture, Prehistoric -- Malta
Hypogeum (Paola, Malta)
Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum (Paola, Malta)
Xagħra Stone Circle (Xagħra, Malta)
Hypogeum (Xagħra, Malta)
Brochtorff Circle (Xagħra, Malta)
Houel, Jean-Pierre-Laurent, 1735-1813 -- Travel -- Malta
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: The Archaeological Society
Citation: Le Chevretel, R. (2008). Le modele architectural du Tarxien reconstitue par Ugolini : la solution?. Malta Archaeological Review, 7, 47-48
Abstract: Two fragments of evidence are compared. The first is a Globigerina Limestone fragment found at Tarxien, that appears to represent the plan of a rectilinear building resting on a circular podium. A hypothetical reconstruction was proposed by Ugolini to suggest what the entire model may have looked like. Since then however, the model has attracted only limited debate. The second piece of evidence is one of the lithographs published in 1787 by Jean Houel in his monumental Voyage Pittoresque des isles de Sicile, de Lipari, et de Malte. It shows a plan of a circular building of megalithic construction. Within the megalithic circle, traces of a rectilinear structure are clearly shown. Attention is drawn to the striking similarity between these two representations, which only appears to have been noted once in the existing literature, in a passing reference by Ugolini. A new interpretation is then proposed. It is suggested that Houel 's illustration faithfully represented the Xaghra Stone Circle in Gozo. It is further argued that the model from Tarxien represented a building belonging to the same category as the Xaghra Circle. It is proposed that the rectilinear structures that appear in both examples are representations of buildings that formed part of the superstructure of funerary complexes such as the Xaghra Circle or the Hal Safiieni Hypogeum. Such buildings may have performed functions related to the first stages of the burial ritual.
Appears in Collections:MAR, Issue 07 (2004/2005)
MAR, Issue 07 (2004/2005)

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