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Title: The tradition of an ancient Greek colony in Malta
Authors: Bonanno, Anthony
Keywords: Malta -- History -- To 870
Archaeology -- Malta
Greece -- History -- To 146 B.C.
Malta -- History -- Phoenician and Punic period, 8th century B.C.-218 B.C.
Issue Date: 1983
Publisher: Upper Secondary School Valletta
Citation: Bonanno, A. (1983). The tradition of an ancient Greek colony in Malta, Hyphen, 4(1), 1-17
Abstract: The persistent tradition of a Greek colonization of the Maltese Islands in ancient times was inspired mainly by ancient literary allusions. These are basically 1) the identification of the Homeric island of Ogygia, Calypso's refuge, with Malta; 2) the reference in the Greek poet Lycophron to the settlement in Malta of a group of Greek warriors on their return home from the Trojan war; 3) the ties of friendship between the Maltese and Phalaris, the Greek tyrant of Agrigento, revealed in three of a group of letters attributed to him; 4) the mythical reign of a king of Malta, named Battus, homonymous of another Greek king historically associated with the foundation of the Greek colony of Cyrene in North Africa; 5) Thucydides' inclusion of 'the small islands' with that part of Sicily which, after an alleged Phoenician domination, was colonized by the Greeks. This theory appeared to receive confirmation from numerous archaeological objects found in these islands which showed Greek characteristics or bore inscriptions in the Greek language.
Appears in Collections:Hyphen, Volume 4, No. 1 (1983)
Hyphen, Volume 4, No. 1 (1983)
Melitensia Works - ERCWHMlt
Scholarly Works - FacArtCA

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