Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: “Conceiving” the pill : the 45th birthday of the oral contraceptive pill in Europe
Authors: Calleja-Agius, Jean
Brincat, Mark P.
Keywords: Contraception -- History
Ovulation -- Regulation
Oral contraceptives
Oral contraceptives -- Risks
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Malta Medical Journal
Citation: Malta Medical Journal. 2006, Vol.18(4), p. 14-18
Abstract: In 1961, the first combined oral contraceptive pill was introduced in Europe. This pill contained ethinylestradiol (0.05mg) and northisterone (4mg). Nowadays, monophasic pill preparations contain a low dose (20­35 g) of ethinylestradiol in combination with a progestogen. Progestogens include norethisterone and levonorgestrel (second generation); desogestrel and gestodene (third generation); and the newest progestogen, drospirenone (fourth generation). Risks of the combined oral contraceptive pill include venous thromboembolism and stroke. Benefits, such as protection from ovarian and endometrial cancer, apart from contraception, outweigh the risks if contraindications are observed, and low dose formulations used.
Appears in Collections:MMJ, Volume 18, Issue 4
MMJ, Volume 18, Issue 4
Scholarly Works - FacM&SAna
Scholarly Works - FacM&SOG

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
2006.Vol18.Issue4.A2.pdf“Conceiving” the pill: the 45th birthday of the oral contraceptive pill in Europe178.33 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.