Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title:||Xiphoid size and gender differences : an anatomical study|
|Publisher:||Pulsus Group, Inc.|
|Citation:||Manche, A., Grima, C., & Camilleri, L. (2021). Xiphoid size and gender differences : an anatomical study. International Journal of Anatomical Variations, 14(5), 95-96.|
|Abstract:||Background: Several studies have documented anatomical variations of
the sternum. Because of its central role as an anchor of various abdominal
muscles we have investigated a possible correlation between xiphoid length
and body habitus indices, in both males and females.|
Method: Measurements of sternal length were obtained prior to median sternotomy during cardiac surgery. Body Surface Area (BSA) was calculated from height and weight, using standard tables. A xiphoid 1cm or less in length was considered vestigial.
Results: The xiphoid was significantly longer in males. There was a positive significant correlation between xiphoid length and patient height and BSA in males, but not in females. Vestigial xiphoid was significantly commoner in females.
Conclusion: Our results demonstrate a marked gender difference in xiphoid morphology, with proportional scaling only exhibited in males. The absence of this scaling in females suggests an alternative mechanism behind vestigial xiphoid.
|Appears in Collections:||Scholarly Works - FacSciSOR|
Files in This Item:
|xiphoid-size-and-gender-differences-an-anatomical-study.pdf||487 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
Items in OAR@UM are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.