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Title: Challenges encountered by the police when investigating crime committed on the dark web
Authors: Debono, Ernest (2021)
Keywords: Computer crimes -- Malta
Dark Web -- Malta
Internet -- Malta
Police -- Malta
Criminal investigation -- Malta
Law enforcement -- Malta
Issue Date: 2021
Citation: Debono, E. (2021). Challenges encountered by the police when investigating crime committed on the dark web (Bachelor’s dissertation).
Abstract: The Dark Web is an ever-growing phenomenon that can be accessed from everywhere in world. Some utilise the Dark Web for harmless reasons such as privacy, while others use it to carry out illegal activities. Consequently, law enforcement organisations may encounter several difficulties when trying to investigate criminals, due to the privacy and safety that the Dark Web provides to its users. This study seeks to explore the challenges that both local, as well as international law enforcement organizations face when examining the various crimes that are carried out via the Dark Web. This research utilised semi-structured interviews with professionals that have knowledge of cybercrime and the Dark Web. The data obtained will then be assessed through thematic analysis, to then obtain knowledge from the experts regarding the issues of the Dark Web, as well as what can be done to mitigate such issues. The themes that were discovered throughout the research are the effect of the internet on crime, technology and the Dark Web, law enforcement and cybercrime and cybercrime and traditional crime. The conclusions that are drawn from this study show that the Dark Web provides several issues to law enforcement such as issues relating to encryption, cryptocurrency, anonymity and jurisdiction. Albeit law enforcement always finds a way to overcome these hurdles, criminals are always seeking new and innovative methods to evade the police. The study also found that in the case of the Maltese Islands, given the small population, there is a limited number of professionals that are specialised in the field of cybercrime. This study implicates that more specialisation is needed within the Maltese Islands to be better equipped at investigating and prosecuting criminals that make use of the Dark Web. Furthermore, more national and international cooperation and coordination are required among European Union Member States to be more effective at investigating cybercriminals. Another implication is to raise more awareness among the public regarding the dangers of the Dark Web.
Description: B.A. (Hons) Criminology(Melit.)
Appears in Collections:Dissertations - FacSoW - 2021
Dissertations - FacSoWCri - 2021

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