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Title: Degradation risk assessment : understanding the impacts of climate change on geoheritage
Authors: Selmi, Lidia
Canesin, Thais S.
Gauci, Ritienne
Pereira, Paulo
Coratza, Paola
Keywords: Conservation of natural resources -- Malta
Cultural landscapes -- Risk assessment -- Malta
Natural resources conservation areas -- Malta
Natural landscaping -- Conservation -- Malta
Climatic changes -- Malta
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Selmi, L., Canesin, T. S., Gauci, R., Pereira, P., & Coratza, P. (2022). Degradation risk assessment : understanding the impacts of climate change on geoheritage. Sustainability, 14(7), 4262.
Abstract: Several factors and processes, both natural and anthropogenic, can threaten the integrity of any geosite, leading to their degradation. For this reason, geoheritage degradation risks should be considered a fundamental step in any geoconservation strategy, all the more when the aim is to tackle the effects of climate change. The present work proposes a quantitative methodology for the degradation risk assessment of geosites by considering the extrinsic factors that can damage the geoheritage. The methodology has been tested on the Maltese Islands, where considerable previous research has been undertaken in order to highlight the international significance of the Maltese landscapes. Three criteria to assess the degradation risk are proposed: natural vulnerability, anthropogenic vulnerability and public use. For each criterion, several parameters have been identified in order to propose a detailed numerical evaluation. The results show that the degradation risk of geosites is mainly related to negligence and lack of knowledge of its inherent geological heritage, and which leads to public misuse and mismanagement of the geosites. The results give an overview of the condition of the geosites and provide information for the design and management of suitable protection measures, especially in the light of future threats related to climate change.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacArtGeo

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