Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/18970
Title: Prevalence of respiratory symptoms in 11-14 year old children with pets in Maltese homes
Authors: Zammit, Charles
Bilocca, David
Balzan, Michael
Borg, Charles
Camilleri, Liberato
Taliana, Kelly
Formosa, Denise
Borg, Charles J.
Montefort, Stephen
Keywords: Respiratory organs -- Diseases
Pets
Children -- Health and hygiene -- Malta
Rhinitis
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
Citation: Zammit, C., Bilocca, D., Balzan, M., Borg, C., Camilleri, L., Taliana, K., ... Montefort, S. (2014). Prevalence of respiratory symptoms in 11-14 year old children with pets in Maltese homes. European Respiratory Society Annual Congress 2014, Munich. 1.
Abstract: The Respira study included standardized respiratory questionnaires and clinical exam of children aged 11-14 years. Aims: To identify associations between prevalence of respiratory symptoms and pet ownership amongst children aged 11-14 years in Malta Methods: 862 questionnaires were distributed to parents and analysed comparing prevalence (univariate) and using a binary logistic regression model. Results: Children with pets had a higher prevalence of lifetime wheeze (175/332; p=.04), and rhinitis past 12 months (n=153/354; p=.028) when compared to no pet ownership. Wheeze past 12 months (n=73/434; p=.086), lifetime rhinitis (n=168/339; p=.069) showed a similar trend, but failed to reach statistical significance. In a binary logistic model cat ownership, after correcting for gender, age, socio-economic status, indoor exposure to smoking, and bronchitis in the first year of life, showed an odds ratio of 1.55(95% CI 1.06-2.28 p=0.025) for wheeze in the last 12 months. Cat ownership was not a predictor for asthma treatment in 12 months, or a diagnosis of rhinitis. Owner ship of any pet, dog or bird failed to show any significant odds ratio wheeze in the last 12 months. Conclusion: Children with pets had a higher prevalence of respiratory symptoms, however in a multivariate model only cat ownership predicted wheeze in the last 12 months, while ownership of any pet, dog and bird ownership was not.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar//handle/123456789/18970
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