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Title: The temple builders of Malta : how an isolated island culture became Europe’s most sophisticated Neolithic civilization
Authors: Powell, Eric A.
Keywords: Excavations (Archaeology) -- Malta
Ġgantija Temples (Xagħra, Malta)
Megalithic temples -- Malta
Mnajdra Temples (Qrendi, Malta)
Ħaġar Qim Temples (Qrendi, Malta)
Tarxien Temples (Tarxien, Malta)
Zammit, Themistocles, 1864-1935
Hypogeum (Paola, Malta)
Xagħra Stone Circle (Xagħra, Malta)
Hypogeum (Xagħra, Malta)
Brochtorff Circle (Xagħra, Malta)
Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum (Paola, Malta)
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Archaeological Institute of America
Citation: Powell, E. A. (2016). The temple builders of Malta : how an isolated island culture became Europe’s most sophisticated Neolithic civilization. Archaeology, 69(6), 38-43.
Abstract: Fifty miles south of Sicily, the dry, rocky islands of the Maltese archipelago were first colonized by Neolithic people in the sixth millennium b.c. They lived relatively simple farming lives that closely resembled those of their Sicilian neighbors for almost 2,000 years. But around 3600 b.c., something changed. For reasons that are still unclear, people on Malta and the nearby island of Gozo began to construct massive limestone temple complexes and went on to create large underground burial chambers. Other Neolithic people in Europe would eventually also create large megalithic monuments such as Stonehenge in England, but the prehistoric architects on Malta and Gozo were the only ones to build structures on such a large scale. In trying to comprehend these sites, some arc their astronomical alignments, while offcenters of political power or places celebrated. But just how and why developed on two small islands wit limited resources remains unknown. How these people managed to sustai plex life for over a thousand years," ; Belfast archaeologist Caroline Malo most sophisticated architecture an Europe. But how did they do it in thi ecologically fragile environment?"
ISSN: 00038113
Appears in Collections:Melitensia Works - ERCASHArc

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