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Title: Migration and determinants of health : clinical epidemiological characteristics of migrants in Malta (2010-11)
Authors: Padovese, Valeska
Egidi, Ada Maristella
Melillo Fenech, Tanya
Podda Connor, Marika
Didero, Daniele
Costanzo, Gianfranco
Mirisola, Concetta
Keywords: Epidemiology -- Malta
Immigrants -- Health and hygiene -- Malta
Public health -- Malta
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Citation: Padovese, V., Egidi, A. M., Melillo Fenech, T., Podda Connor, M., Didero, D., Costanzo, G., & Mirisola, C. (2014). Migration and determinants of health: clinical epidemiological characteristics of migrants in Malta (2010–11). Journal of Public Health, 36(3), 368-374.
Abstract: Background Over recent years Malta has experienced a growing influx of migrants from Africa. With the aim of defining demographic characteristics and assessing the prevalence of conditions of public health significance among asylum seekers in Malta, a clinical research study was implemented in the framework of the European Union project ‘Mare nostrum’. Methods From August 2010 to June 2011 a dermatologist and an infectious diseases specialist performed general and specialist health assessment of migrants hosted in open centres. Results Migrants included in the study were 2216, 82.7% were males, their mean age was 25 years and 70.1% were from Somalia. Out of the total females, 42.5% had undergone some type of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. A total of 5077 diagnoses were set, most common were skin diseases (21.9%), respiratory diseases (19.8%) and gastro-enteric diseases (14.2%), whereas 31% of migrants reported good health conditions. Conclusions Immigrants have a lower morbidity burden compared with their fellow countrymen living in the origin country. However, living conditions during the journey, in transit countries and after arrival can influence their health status. The present study provides a comprehensive picture of this growing population that is in need for health promotion, mental health services and fair policy planning.
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