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Title: The burden of type 2 diabetes pre-and during the COVID-19 pandemic - a review
Authors: Sciberras, Justine
Camilleri, Lara Maria
Cuschieri, Sarah
Keywords: COVID-19 (Disease) -- Malta
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes -- Risk factors
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes -- Complications
Non-insulin-dependent diabetes -- Susceptibility
Comorbidity -- Malta
Diabetics -- Treatment
Medical telematics
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Sciberras, J., Camilleri, L. M., & Cuschieri, S. (2020). The burden of type 2 diabetes pre-and during the COVID-19 pandemic - a review. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders, 19, 1357-1365,
Abstract: Abstract Introduction Diabetes Mellitus is a chronic disease and a global epidemic. It is a known fact that co-morbidities, including Diabetes Mellitus, pose a higher risk of infection by COVID-19. Additionally, the outcomes following infection are far worse than in people without such co-morbities. Factors contributing to the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have long been established, yet this disease still bestows a substantial global burden. The aim was to provide a comprehensive review of the burden of diabetes pre-COVID-19 and the additional impact sustained by the diabetes population and healthcare systems during the COVID-19 pandemic, while providing recommendations of how this burden can be subsided. Methodology Literature searches were carried out on ‘Google Scholar’ and ‘PubMed’ to identify relevant articles for the scope of this review. Information was also collected from reliable sources such as the World Health Organisation and the International Diabetes Federation. Results T2DM presented with economic, social and health burdens prior to COVID-19 with an significant ‘Disability Adjusted Life Years’ impact. Whilst people with diabetes are more susceptible to COVID-19, enforcing lockdown regulations set by the Public Health department to reduce risk of infection brought about its own challenges to T2DM management. Through recommendations and adapting to new methods of management such as telehealth, these challenges and potential consequences of mismanagement are kept to a minimum whilst safeguarding the healthcare system. Conclusion By understanding the challenges and burdens faced by this population both evident pre-covid and during, targeted healthcare can be provided during the COVID-19 pandemic. Furthermore, implementation of targeted action plans and recommendations ensures the care provided is done in a safe and effective environment.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SAna

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