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Title: Coastal sea level monitoring in the Mediterranean and Black Seas
Authors: Gómez, Begoña Pérez
Vilibić, Ivica
Šepić, Jadranka
Međugorac, Iva
Ličer, Matjaž
Testut, Laurent
Fraboul, Claire
Marcos, Marta
Abdellaoui, Hassen
Fanjul, Enrique Álvarez
Barbalić, Darko
Casas, Benjamín
Castaño-Tierno, Antonio
Čupić, Srđan
Drago, Aldo
Angeles Fraile, María
Galliano, Daniele A.
Gauci, Adam
Gloginja, Branislav
Guijarro, Víctor Martín
Jeromel, Maja
Revuelto, Marcos Larrad
Lazar, Ayah
Keskin, Ibrahim Haktan
Medvedev, Igor
Menassri, Abdelkader
Meslem, Mohamed Aïssa
Mihanović, Hrvoje
Morucci, Sara
Niculescu, Dragos
Quijano de Benito, José Manuel
Pascual, Josep
Palazov, Atanas
Picone, Marco
Raicich, Fabio
Said, Mohamed
Salat, Jordi
Sezen, Erdinc
Simav, Mehmet
Sylaios, Georgios
Tel, Elena
Tintoré, Joaquín
Zaimi, Klodian
Zodiatis, George
Keywords: Oceanography -- Mediterranean Region
Coasts -- Mediterranean Sea
Coasts -- Black Sea
Remote sensing
Coastal zone management -- Mediterranean Region
Satellite geodesy -- Technique
Satellite geodesy -- Mediterranean Region
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: EGU
Citation: Pérez Gómez, B., Vilibić, I., Šepić, J., Međugorac, I., Ličer, M., Testut, L., ... & Zodiatis, G. (2022). Coastal sea level monitoring in the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Ocean Science Discussions, 1-80.
Abstract: Spanning over a century, a traditional way to monitor sea level variability by tide gauges is – in combination with modern observational techniques like satellite altimetry – an inevitable ingredient in sea level studies over the climate scales and in coastal seas. The development of the instrumentation, remote data acquisition, processing and archiving in last decades allowed for extending the applications towards a variety of users and coastal hazard managers. The Mediterranean and Black seas are an example for such a transition – while having a long tradition for sea level observations with several records spanning over a century, the number of modern tide gauge stations are growing rapidly, with data available both in real-time and as a research product at different time resolutions. As no comprehensive survey of the tide gauge networks has been carried out recently in these basins, the aim of this paper is to map the existing coastal sea level monitoring infrastructures and the respective data availability. The survey encompasses description of major monitoring networks in the Mediterranean and Black seas and their characteristics, including the type of sea level sensors, measuring resolutions, data availability and existence of ancillary measurements, altogether collecting information about 236 presently operational tide gauge stations. The availability of the Mediterranean and Black seas sea level data in the global and European sea level repositories has been also screened and classified following their sampling interval and level of quality-check, pointing to the necessity of harmonization of the data available with different metadata and series at different repositories. Finally, an assessment of the networks’ capabilities for their usage in different sea level applications has been done, with recommendations that might mitigate the bottlenecks and assure further development of the networks in a coordinated way, being that more necessary in the era of the human-induced climate changes and the sea level rise.
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