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Title: Dexamethasone in Glioblastoma multiforme therapy : mechanisms and controversies
Other Titles: Brain disease mechanisms - editor’s picks 2021
Authors: Cenciarini, Marta
Valentino, Mario
Belia, Silvia
Sforna, Luigi
Rosa, Paolo
Ronchetti, Simona
D’Adamo, Maria Cristina
Pessia, Mauro
Keywords: Glioblastoma multiforme
Nervous system -- Diseases
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Citation: Cenciarini, M., Valentino, M., Belia, S., Sforna, L., Rosa, P., Ronchetti, S.,… Pessia, M. (2021). Dexamethasone in Glioblastoma multiforme therapy : mechanisms and controversies. In D. Boison ( Eds.), Brain disease mechanisms - editor’s picks 2021 (pp. 43-55). Lausanne: Frontiers Research Foundation.
Abstract: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common and malignant of the glial tumors. The world-wide estimates of new cases and deaths annually are remarkable, making GBM a crucial public health issue. Despite the combination of radical surgery, radio and chemotherapy prognosis is extremely poor (median survival is approximately 1 year). Thus, current therapeutic interventions are highly unsatisfactory. For many years, GBM-induced brain oedema and inflammation have been widely treated with dexamethasone (DEX), a synthetic glucocorticoid (GC). A number of studies have reported that DEX also inhibits GBM cell proliferation and migration. Nevertheless, recent controversial results provided by different laboratories have challenged the widely accepted dogma concerning DEX therapy for GBM. Here, we have reviewed the main clinical features and genetic and epigenetic abnormalities underlying GBM. Finally, we analyzed current notions and concerns related to DEX effects on cerebral oedema, cancer cell proliferation and migration and clinical outcome.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacM&SPB

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