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Title: The interaction of dyslipidaemia with glycaemia in an adult population study
Authors: Cuschieri, Sarah
Vassallo, Josanne
Calleja, Neville
Barbara, Christopher H.
Mamo, Julian
Keywords: Non-insulin-dependent diabetes -- Malta
Diabetes -- Malta
Diabetes Mellitus -- Malta
Hyperlipidemia -- Malta
Insulin resistance -- Malta
Epidemiology -- Malta
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Cuschieri, S., Vassallo, J., Calleja, N., Barbara, C., & Mamo, J. (2018). The interaction of dyslipidaemia with glycaemia in an adult population study. Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders, 17(2), 315-323. doi:10.1007/s40200-018-0377-z
Abstract: Purpose: Individuals with dysglycaemic are prone to dyslipidaemia. Understanding the dyslipidaemic status of dysglycaemic individuals is essential for monitoring and early prevention. The aim was to assess the control of lipidaemia by glycaemic status in a representative adult population. Methods: A retrospective health examination survey was performed on a sample of adults (n = 3947) in Malta in 2014–6. Sociodemographic data, biochemistry blood tests and anthropometric measurements were gathered. Statistical analysis was performed to evaluate the lipidaemic status and its control across the glycaemic spectrum (normoglycemic, impaired fasting glucose individuals, new diabetics and known diabetics). Results: The prevalence of uncontrolled dyslipidaemia was 7.75% (CI 95%: 6.69–8.63), among whom 6.97% (CI 95%: 6.21–7.81) were naïve dyslipidaemic. A progressive elevation in both LDL-C and total cholesterol but not triglycerides was present among uncontrolled dyslipidaemia individuals across the glycaemic spectrum. Global dyslipidaemia was present in 19.26% (CI 95%: 18.05–20.52) of the total general population and in 46.59% (CI 95%: 40.49–52.69%) of known diabetics. Most individuals irrespective of lipid status were normoglycaemic. Conclusions: Dyslipidaemia occurs in the presence of insulin resistance. Dyslipidaemia predominated in the normoglycaemic state irrespective of statins use, indicating the need to manage dyslipidaemia prior to dysglycaemia.
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