Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/50013
Title: The outcome of the follow-up of consolidations on chest radiographs in a Maltese population, presenting from the community, aged 50 or over : a retrospective study
Authors: Delicata, Julian
Degiorgio, Sophie
Sultana, Luke
Gatt, Simon
Zammit, Christopher
Mizzi, Adrian
Keywords: Community-acquired pneumonia -- Malta
Lungs -- Imaging
Chest -- Radiography
Lungs -- Cancer
Issue Date: 2019-12
Publisher: University of Malta. Medical School
Citation: Delicata, J., Degiorgio, S., Sultana, L., Gatt, S., Zammit, C., & Mizzi, A. (2019). The outcome of the follow-up of consolidations on chest radiographs in a Maltese population, presenting from the community, aged 50 or over : a retrospective study. Malta Medical School Gazette, 3(3), 26-36.
Abstract: Background: The British Thoracic Society (BTS) guidelines for community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) suggest a repeat chest radiograph 6 weeks after treatment for patients over the age of 50 to screen for lung malignancy. The benefit of this practice is not well determined. Method: We conducted a retrospective study involving patients from the community over 50 years old with consolidations on chest radiography. These patients presented in Mater Dei Hospital, Gozo General Hospital and Maltese Health Centres during the months of January 2013-2017 and August 2013-2016. The occurrence of follow-up imaging and subsequent diagnosis of lung malignancy was documented. All chest radiographs were reviewed by a radiologist. Results: 402 patients met our inclusion criteria. Follow-up imaging was done in 214 patients (53.2%) within 12 weeks. There was no statistical significance in the follow-up rates when matched for the presenting month, whether radiologists recommended repeat imaging, whether patients were admitted to hospital, and for the patients’ age and gender. The diagnostic yield of lung malignancy was 1.74% (7 patients) within 12 weeks with all malignancies being at an advanced stage at diagnosis (lowest stage being IIIA) when detected. All seven patients had a smoking history. Conclusion: 53.2% of community-acquired pneumonia patients over the age of 50 had follow-up imaging within 12 weeks. No clinical variables explaining this low rate could be identified. This practice results in a low diagnostic yield. Moreover, the diagnosis of lung malignancy is achieved at an advanced stage, making it a poor screening tool.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/50013
Appears in Collections:MMSG, Volume 3, Issue 3
MMSG, Volume 3, Issue 3

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