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Title: Brief tobacco cessation interventions : practices, opinions, and attitudes of healthcare professionals
Authors: Grech, Joseph
Sammut, Roberta
Buontempo, Mariella B.
Vassallo, Pauline
Calleja, Neville
Keywords: Tobacco industry
Smoking cessation
Nicotine addiction -- Treatment
Tobacco use -- Prevention
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: EU European Publishing
Citation: Grech , J., Sammut, R., Bountempo, M. B., Vassallo, P., & Calleja, N. (2020). Brief tobacco cessation interventions : practices, opinions, and attitudes of healthcare professionals. Tobacco Prevention & Cessation, 6(August), 48.
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Although brief smoking cessation interventions that follow the 5As algorithm (Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange) can trigger smokers to quit, routine delivery remains low in Europe. This study aimed to identify the extent of smoking cessation practices of healthcare professionals interested in tobacco cessation, and their opinions and attitudes. METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional survey design was adopted. Healthcare professionals (n=133) who attended one of ten training sessions on brief interventions for smoking cessation, held every month between September 2018 and June 2019 in Malta, were recruited. Univariate logistic regression and non-parametric tests were carried out to identify associations by participants’ characteristics. Potential confounders were ruled out following multivariate analyses. RESULTS: Most participants were female nurses who had never smoked. While most professionals reportedly asked (76.3%), advised (83.5%) and assessed (70.5%) patients for cessation, fewer provided assistance (40.9%) and arranged followup (24.2%). Compared to other participants, doctors were more likely to have counselled patients over the previous week. Most professionals were favourably disposed towards counselling patients to quit, however, they claimed they had insufficient time to do so. Although most found it difficult to get clients to quit, former smokers were more likely to disagree when compared to those who never smoked (OR=6.86; 95% CI: 2.17–21.71; p=0.001). CONCLUSIONS: While more initiatives to train healthcare professionals in providing smoking cessation interventions are recommended, lack of sufficient time, being an organisational barrier, requires healthcare management exploration and action. Given that former smokers were more confident in helping patients quit, engaging them in training activities would be of added value.
Appears in Collections:Scholarly Works - FacHScNur
Scholarly Works - FacM&SPH

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