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Implementing & Enforcing EU Criminal Law – Theory & Practice


The Department of European and Comparative Law has been awarded a project by the European Union Commission under the Hercule III programme.

The study analyses the development of EU legislation intended to protect the Union’s financial interest and the development of the bodies entrusted to protect such interests (such as EPO, OLAF and Europol). The focus of the study is cyber-crime, fraud, the spending of public finances and the impact of discrepancies between Member States in implementing the new PIF Directive. The study assesses how the new PIF Directive is being received by the national legal orders and in particular about how the new PIF Directive is being transposed.

To achieve the latter objective, a group of twelve countries have been selected on the basis of their size, geography and legal system: Germany, Estonia, Latvia, Poland, Ireland, Malta, Spain, France, Italy, Sweden, Greece and Croatia. A detailed research questionnaire has been drafted to assist national rapporteurs in drafting their final papers. The questionnaire is available here. A comparative study is made between the receptions of EU criminal law dealing with the financial interest of EU law in these countries with the aim of analysing the current legislation and to propose future developments.  

On the 5th of October 2018 national contributors have participated in a one-day work shop in Valletta to discuss and share progress on their country reports. 

National reports will eventually be published as part a volume both in paper and in the University of Malta open access electronic database.

A conference on the topic will be held in Malta on 24th of May 2019 where some participants will be invited to present their findings in person or through video conferencing. 


Hercule 1  Hercule 2



Last Updated: 28 October 2018

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