Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/46997
Title: The effect of alloying elements on the properties of pressed and non-pressed biodegradable Fe–Mn–Ag powder metallurgy alloys
Authors: Caligari Conti, Malcolm
Mallia, Bertram
Sinagra, Emmanuel
Schembri-Wismayer, Pierre
Buhagiar, Joseph
Vella, Daniel A.
Keywords: Materials science
Physical biochemistry
Musculoskeletal system
Orthopedics
Rehabilitation
Biodegradable products
Sintering
Powder metallurgy
Issue Date: 2019
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Citation: Caligari Conti, M., Mallia, B., Sinagra, E., Schembri Wismayer, P., Buhagiar, J., & Vella, D. (2019). The effect of alloying elements on the properties of pressed and non-pressed biodegradable Fe–Mn–Ag powder metallurgy alloys. Heliyon, 5(9) doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2019.e02522
Abstract: Current trends in the biodegradable scaffold industry call for powder metallurgy methods in which compression cannot be applied due to the nature of the scaffold template itself and the need to retain the shape of an underlying template throughout the fabrication process. Iron alloys have been shown to be good candidates for biomedical applications where load support is required. Fe–Mn alloys were researched extensively for this purpose. Current research shows that all metallurgical characterisation and corrosion test on Fe–Mn and Fe–Mn–Ag non pre-alloyed powder alloys are performed on alloys which are initially pressed into greens and subsequently sintered. In order to combine the cutting-edge field of biodegradable metallic alloys with scaffold production, metallurgical characterisation of pressed and non-pressed Fe, Fe–Mn and Fe–Mn–Ag sintered elemental powder compacts was carried out in this study. This was performed along with determination of the corrosion rate of the same alloys in in vitro mimicking solutions. These solutions were synthesised to mimic the osteo environment in which the final scaffolds are to be used. Both pressed and non-pressed alloys formed an austenite phase under the right sintering conditions. The corrosion rate of the non-pressed alloy was greater than that of its pressed counterpart. In a potentiodynamic testing scenario, addition of silver to the alloy formed a separate silver phase which galvanically increased the corrosion rate of the pressed alloy. This result wasn't replicated in the non-pressed alloys in which the corrosion rate was seen to remain similar to the non-silver-bearing alloy counterparts.
URI: https://www.um.edu.mt/library/oar/handle/123456789/46997
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