Prof. Anthony J Frendo

Prof. Anthony J Frendo

Prof. Anthony J Frendo



Room 106
Archaeology Farmhouse
University of Malta
  +356 2340 2300
Professor Anthony J. Frendo is Professor in Near Eastern Archaeology and the Hebrew Bible at the University of Malta in the Department of Oriental Studies; he is also a member of the Department of Classics and Archaeology. He was formerly Head of both these Departments: Classics and Archaeology (1996-1999); Oriental Studies (1999-30th September 2011) when he helped develop the former department and virtually build the latter. He is currently also serving as the Maltese Director of the Confucius Institute at the University of Malta. His main area of interest and expertise is the Levant with a special focus on Biblical Archaeology and Northwest Semitic languages, especially Classical Hebrew and Phoenician-Punic Inscriptions.

Between 1987-88, he lectured on the archaeology and geography of Palestine at the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome. He participated in archaeological excavations in Israel and Syria. In the latter country he was also associate director for the 1995 season of excavation at Tell in-Nebi Mendu in a joint project with University College, London. He was - from 1996 up to 1999 – co-director of the excavations at tas-Silg (Malta) run by the Department of Classics and Archaeology, of the University of Malta. In 1994 he was invited as a visiting scholar by the Jacob Blaustein International Center for Desert Studies of the University of Beersheba, Israel, where he made research on nomadic archaeology. In 2001 he delivered a public lecture on ‘The Megalithic Temples and the Phoenician Period in Malta’ at the Smithsonian in Washington D.C. In the following year, he delivered one lecture on the Emergence of Ancient Israel (later published as a chapter in a book on Pre-Exilic Israel) in the Oxford Old Testament Seminar series, whilst in 2003 he gave a lecture (on Phoenician-Punic Malta) in the Oriental Institute’s (University of Oxford) Seminar series, Topics in Ancient Near Eastern Studies and Egyptology. He was twice elected (in 2003 and 2004) Visting Scholar of Wolfson College (Oxford) with Membership of the Common Room for most of Trinity Term in 2004 and 2005 respectively.
  • Near Eastern Archaeology (mainly Ancient Israel)
  • Hebrew Bible
  • Methodological Study of the Relationship between Text and Artefact with special reference to Pre-exilic Israel
  • Northwest-Semitic Languages with a focus on Classical Hebrew and Phoenician-Punic
  • Phoenician-Punic Inscriptions from the Maltese Islands

Frendo, A.J. 2011, Pre-exilic Israel, the Hebrew Bible, and Archaeology: integrating Text and Artefact, T & T Clark International, London/New York.

Frendo, A.J. 2008, "A Possible Explanation for the Stratigraphic and Ceramic Changes at Tell Deir 'Alla during the Transition from the Late Bronze Age to the Early Iron Age" in Sacred and Sweet: Studies on the material Culture of Tell Deir 'Alla and Tell Abu Sarbut, eds. Steiner ML & Van der Steen EJ, Peeters, Leuven/Paris/Dudley,MA, pp. 93-108.

Frendo, A.J. 2007, "Back to the Bare Essentials,'Procopius' Phoenician Inscriptions: Never Lost, Not Found' - a Response", Palestine exploration quarterly, vol. 139, no. 2, pp. 105-107.

Frendo, A.J. 2004, "Back to Basics: A Holistic Approach to the Problem of the Emergence of Ancient Israel" in In Search of Pre-Exilic Israel: Proceedings of the Oxford Old Testament Seminar, ed. Day J., T & T Clark International, Edinburgh, pp. 41-64.

Frendo, A.J. 2003, "Bronze Age urban households of the Levant: how do we really know the past? [Review Article]", ANTIQUITY, vol. 77, pp. 604-608.

Frendo, A.J. 2002, "Two long-lost Phoenician inscriptions and the emergence of ancient Israel", Palestine exploration quarterly, vol. 134, pp. 37-43.

Frendo, A.J. 2000, "Excavations at Tas-Silg, Malta: a preliminary Report on the 1996-1998 Campaigns conducted by the Department of Classics and Archaeology of the University of Malta (edited by Anthony Bonanno and Anthony J Frendo with the assistance of Nicholas C Vella): The Punic Inscriptions", Journal of Mediterranean Archaeology, vol. 13, pp. 97-99.

Frendo, A.J. 1996, "The Capabilities and Limitations of ancient Near Eastern nomadic Archaeology", Orientalia, vol. 65, pp. 1-23.

Frendo, A.J. 1996, "The particles beth and waw and the periodic structure of the Nora Stone inscription", Palestine exploration quarterly, vol. 128, pp. 8-11.

Frendo, A.J. 1988, "HJ Franken's Method of Ceramic Typology: An Appreciation'", Palestine Exploration Quarterly, , pp. 108-129.

  • ARC3021 - Synoptic Study-Unit 1: Archaeology
  • ARC3022 - Synoptic Study-Unit 2: Archaeology