Dr. Attard graduated with honours in pharmacy at the University of Malta (1994) and later furthered his studies on Maltese aromatic and medicinal plants by undertaking a M.Sc. in Agricultural and Veterinary Pharmacy (1995). He furthered his specialization and obtained a Doctorate in Agriculture from the same University in 2001. He was employed with the University as a research assistant (1995) and in 1998 appointed within the academic stream. Dr. Attard was a part-time consultant with the Department of Plant Health (2000-2004). In 2007 he was officially recognised by the Medicines Authority and appointed as the herbal consultant in assessing herbal medicinal products. Since then, he has been the Maltese delegate on the Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products and the Homeopathic Medicinal Products Working Group.
Dr. Attard has been lecturing in several areas related to medicinal plants and agricultural chemistry at the ex-Institute of Agriculture, Division of Rural Sciences and Food Systems within the Institute of Earth Systems and the Department of Pharmacy at the University of Malta. Through the Erasmus Staff Exchange Programme, Dr. Attard has lectured at several agricultural institutions including the Universities of Udine and Bologna. He is also an academic at the James Madison University.
Since his employment with the University of Malta, he supervised several dissertations at the Diploma, B.Sc., B.Pharm. and M.Sc. levels related to the field of medicinal plants and agricultural products.
Dr. Attard is the author/coauthor of twenty papers and articles in renowned peer-reviewed medicinal plant journals, seven articles in professional journals and three book chapters. He has delivered several presentations at various conferences both at national and international levels. He has been granted several projects. He is currently managing six projects at national and EU level. In 2004 he received an international award.
Dr. Attard has also attended several conferences, seminars and workshops related to medicinal plants and plant health issues. He represents Malta in the Medicinal WG within ECP-genetic resources and within AARINENA. He is a member of several learned societies within Europe and North America.
Attard, E. 2010, "Squirting cucumber seeds: use of extracts from Ecballium elaterium seeds in health. " in Nuts and Seeds in Health and Disease Prevention, eds. V.R. Preedy, R.R. Watson & V.B. Patel, 1st edn, Elsevier Inc., USA, pp. 1400.
Attard, E. & Cuschieri, A. 2009, "In vitro immunomodulatory activity of various extracts of Maltese plants from the Asteraceae family.", Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 457-461.
Attard, E. & Vella, K. 2009, "The Effects of Ephedrine and Ephedra fragilis Crude Extracts on Human Peripheral Lymphocytes", Pharmacognosy Research, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 38-42.
Attard, E. & Attard, H. 2008, "Antitrypsin activity of extracts from Ecballium elaterium seeds", Fitoterapia, vol. 79, no. 3, pp. 226-228.
Mangion Randon, A. & Attard, E. 2007, "The in vitro Immunomodulatory Activity of Oleuropein, a Secoiridoid Glycoside from Olea europaea L.", Natural Product Communications, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 515-519.
Attard, E. & Attard, H. 2006, "The Potential Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitory Activity of Oleanolic Acid in the Hydroethanolic Extract of Crataegus monogyna Jacq.", Natural Product Communications, vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 381-386.
Attard, E., Brincat, M.P. & Cuschieri, A. 2005, "Immunomodulatory activity of cucurbitacin E isolated from Ecballium elaterium.", Fitoterapia, vol. 76, pp. 439-441.
Attard, E. & Vujicic, R. 2005, "Physical and Phytochemical Variations in calluses derived from Ecballium elaterium in Tissue Culture", Crop Research, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 163-168.
Attard, E., Scicluna-Spiteri, A., Cuschieri, A. & Brincat, M.P. 2004, "The Effects of Cucurbitacin E on Two Lymphocyte Models in vitro", Pharmaceutical Biology, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 170-175.
Attard, E. & Scicluna-Spiteri, A. 2001, "Ecballium elaterium: An in vitro Source of Cucurbitacins", Fitoterapia, vol. 72, pp. 46-53.