Prof. Michael Angelo Borg

Prof. Michael Angelo Borg

Prof. Michael Angelo Borg

 M.D.,M.Sc.(Lond.),D.L.S.H.T.M.,Dip.HIC,F.M.C.Path.,F.R.C.Path.,F.F.Path.R.C.P.I.,Ph.D.

Associate Professor

Medical School, Mater Dei Hospital
Msida
Prof Michael A. Borg read for his undergraduate degree at the University of Malta which he followed with an M.Sc in Microbiology from the University of London, U.K and a Ph.D from the University of Malta. He has been awarded fellowships by the Malta College of Pathologists, the Royal College of Pathologists (UK) and an Honorary Fellowship by the Faculty of Pathology of the Royal College of Physicians of Ireland.

A clinical microbiologist by training, Prof. Michael A. Borg heads the Department of Infection Control at Mater Dei Hospital in Malta and chairs the country’s National Antibiotic Committee. He is also a past chair of the International Federation of Infection Control (IFIC) and has provided expert advice to the European Centre for Disease Control (ECDC) on the prevention & control of healthcare associated infections and the prudent use of antimicrobial agents in human medicine.

He has been involved in several EU funded projects on the epidemiology of antimicrobial resistance, prevention and control of healthcare associated infections and antibiotic use within Europe and the Mediterranean region. He has authored or collaborated in more than 80 publications on these subjects within peer reviewed journals. His latest research interests focus especially on human behaviour and change management and their role in infection prevention and control as well as antibiotic stewardship.
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BORG, M.A. and CAMILLERI, L., 2019. Broad-spectrum antibiotic use in Europe: more evidence of cultural influences on prescribing behaviour. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, .

CASSINI, A., HÖGBERG, L.D., PLACHOURAS, D., QUATTROCCHI, A., HOXHA, A., SIMONSEN, G.S., COLOMB-COTINAT, M., KRETZSCHMAR, M.E., DEVLEESSCHAUWER, B. and CECCHINI, M., 2019. Attributable deaths and disability-adjusted life-years caused by infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the EU and the European Economic Area in 2015: a population-level modelling analysis. The Lancet Infectious Diseases, 19(1), pp. 56-66.

CASSINI, A., HÖGBERG, L.D., PLACHOURAS, D., QUATTROCCHI, A., HOXHA, A., SIMONSEN, G.S., COLOMB-COTINAT, M., KRETZSCHMAR, M.E., DEVLEESSCHAUWER, B. and CECCHINI, M., 2019. Attributable deaths and disability-adjusted life-years caused by infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the EU and the European Economic Area in 2015: a population-level modelling analysis. The Lancet infectious diseases, 19(1), pp. 56-66.

SALIBA-GUSTAFSSON, E., DUNBERGER HAMPTON, A., ZARB, P., BORG, M.A. and STÅLSBY LUNDBORG, C., 2019. Antibiotic prescribing for respiratory tract complaints in Malta: a 1 year repeated cross-sectional surveillance study. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 74(4), pp. 1116-1124.

BORG, M.A. and BRINCAT, A., 2018. Addressing the controversy of 100% hand hygiene compliance: can alcohol rub consumption data serve as a useful proxy validator? Journal of Hospital Infection, 100(2), pp. 218-219.

MAGIORAKOS, A.P., BURNS, K., BAÑO, J.R., BORG, M., DAIKOS, G., DUMPIS, U., LUCET, J.C., MORO, M.L., TACCONELLI, E. and SIMONSEN, G.S., 2017. Infection prevention and control measures and tools for the prevention of entry of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae into healthcare settings: guidance from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control, 6(1), pp. 113.

SALIBA-GUSTAFSSON, E., BORG, M.A., ROSALES-KLINTZ, S., NYBERG, A. and STÅLSBYLUNDBORG, C., 2017. Maltese Antibiotic Stewardship Programme in the Community (MASPIC): protocol of a prospective quasiexperimental social marketing intervention. BMJ open, 7(9), pp. e017992.

PARASCANDALO, F.A., ZARB, P., TARTARI, E., LACEJ, D., BITINCKA, S., MANASTIRLIU, O., NIKA, D. and BORG, M.A., 2016. Carriage of multidrug-resistant organisms in a tertiary university hospital in Albania—a point prevalence survey. Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control, 5(1), pp. 29.

SALIBA, E.A., BORG, M.A., ROSALES-KLINTZ, S. and LUNDBORG, C.S., 2015. Exploring general practitioners barriers and facilitators to antibiotic prescribing. Journal of Patient Safety & Infection Control, 2(3), pp. 70.

BORG, M., HULSCHER, M., SCICLUNA, E., RICHARDS, J., AZANOWSKY, J., XUEREB, D., HUIS, A.V., MORO, M., MALTEZOU, H. and FRANK, U., 2014. Prevention of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections in European hospitals: moving beyond policies. Journal of Hospital Infection, 87(4), pp. 203-211.

BORG, M.A., 2014. Cultural determinants of infection control behaviour: understanding drivers and implementing effective change. Journal of Hospital Infection, 86(3), pp. 161-168.

BORG, M.A., HULSCHER, M., SCICLUNA, E.A., RICHARDS, J., AZANOWSKY, J., XUEREB, D., HUIS, A.V., MORO, M.L., MALTEZOU, H.C. and FRANK, U., 2014. Prevention of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infections in European hospitals: moving beyond policies. Journal of Hospital Infection, 87(4), pp. 203-211.

BORG, M.A., 2014. Cultural determinants of infection control behaviour: understanding drivers and implementing effective change. Journal of Hospital Infection, 86(3), pp. 161-168.

DE BONO, S., HELING, G. and BORG, M., 2014. Organizational culture and its implications for infection prevention and control in healthcare institutions. Journal of Hospital Infection, 86(1), pp. 1-6.

BORG, M.A., 2013. Prolonged perioperative surgical prophylaxis within European hospitals: an exercise in uncertainty avoidance? Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 69(4), pp. 1142-1144.

BORG, M.A., 2013. Prolonged perioperative surgical prophylaxis within European hospitals: an exercise in uncertainty avoidance? Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 69(4), pp. 1142-1144.

BORG, M.A., 2012. Could the incidence of healthcare infections in Europe simply be a reflection of overall quality standards? Journal of Hospital Infection, 82(3), pp. 141-142.

BORG, M.A., CAMILLERI, L. and WAISFISZ, B., 2012. Understanding the epidemiology of MRSA in Europe: do we need to think outside the box? Journal of Hospital Infection, 81(4), pp. 251-256.

BORG, M., SCICLUNA, E. and FRANK, U., 2012. European epidemiology of MRSA bacteraemia: effective prevention requires more than just good hospital policies: O267. Clinical Microbiology & Infection, 18, pp. 35-36.

BORG, M.A., 2012. Could the incidence of healthcare infections in Europe simply be a reflection of overall quality standards? Journal of Hospital Infection, 82(3), pp. 141-142.

BORG, M.A., CAMILLERI, L. and WAISFISZ, B., 2012. Understanding the epidemiology of MRSA in Europe: do we need to think outside the box? Journal of Hospital Infection, 81(4), pp. 251-256.

BORG, M.A., 2011. National cultural dimensions as drivers of inappropriate ambulatory care consumption of antibiotics in Europe and their relevance to awareness campaigns. Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 67(3), pp. 763-767.

BORG, M.A., 2011. National cultural dimensions as drivers of inappropriate ambulatory care consumption of antibiotics in Europe and their relevance to awareness campaigns. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 67(3), pp. 763-767.

MALTEZOU, H.C., WICKER, S., BORG, M., HEININGER, U., PURO, V., THEODORIDOU, M. and POLAND, G.A., 2011. Vaccination policies for health-care workers in acute health-care facilities in Europe. Vaccine, 29(51), pp. 9557-9562.

MONECKE, S., COOMBS, G., SHORE, A.C., COLEMAN, D.C., AKPAKA, P., BORG, M., CHOW, H., IP, M., JATZWAUK, L. and JONAS, D., 2011. A field guide to pandemic, epidemic and sporadic clones of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. PloS one, 6(4), pp. e17936.

BORG, M., 2010. Are healthcare economics a factor behind European MRSA rates? European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases, 29(4), pp. 477-479.

BORG, M.A., ZARB, P., SCICLUNA, E.A., RASSLAN, O., GÜR, D., REDJEB, S.B., ELNASSER, Z. and DAOUD, Z., 2010. Antibiotic consumption as a driver for resistance in Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli within a developing region. American Journal of Infection Control, 38(3), pp. 212-216.

SCICLUNA, E., SHORE, A., THÜRMER, A., EHRICHT, R., SLICKERS, P., BORG, M., COLEMAN, D. and MONECKE, S., 2010. Characterisation of MRSA from Malta and the description of a Maltese epidemic MRSA strain. European journal of clinical microbiology & infectious diseases, 29(2), pp. 163-170.

BORG, M., TIEMERSMA, E., SCICLUNA, E., VAN DE SANDE‐BRUINSMA, N., DE KRAKER, M., MONEN, J., GRUNDMANN, H. and ARMED PROJECT MEMBERS AND COLLABORATORS, 2009. Prevalence of penicillin and erythromycin resistance among invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates reported by laboratories in the southern and eastern Mediterranean region. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 15(3), pp. 232-237.

BORG, M.A., BENBACHIR, M., COOKSON, B.D., REDJEB, S.B., ELNASSER, Z., RASSLAN, O., GÜR, D., DAOUD, Z. and BAGATZOUNI, D.P., 2009. Health care worker perceptions of hand hygiene practices and obstacles in a developing region. American Journal of Infection Control, 37(10), pp. 855-857.

BORG, M.A., BENBACHIR, M., COOKSON, B.D., REDJEB, S.B., ELNASSER, Z., RASSLAN, O., GÜR, D., DAOUD, Z. and BAGATZOUNI, D.P., 2009. Self-protection as a driver for hand hygiene among healthcare workers. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 30(6), pp. 578-580.

BORG, M.A., COOKSON, B.D., ZARB, P. and SCICLUNA, E.A., 2009. Antibiotic resistance surveillance and control in the Mediterranean region: report of the ARMed consensus conference. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 3(09), pp. 654-659.

BORG, M.A., COOKSON, B.D., RASSLAN, O., GÜR, D., REDJEB, S.B., BENBACHIR, M., RAHAL, K., BAGATZOUNI, D.P., ELNASSER, Z. and DAOUD, Z., 2009. Correlation between meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus prevalence and infection control initiatives within southern and eastern Mediterranean hospitals. Journal of Hospital Infection, 71(1), pp. 36-42.

BORG, M.A., TIEMERSMA, E., SCICLUNA, E., SANDE, V.D., DE KRAKER, M., MONEN, J., GRUNDMANN, H. and ARMED PROJECT MEMBERS, A.C., 2009. Prevalence of penicillin and erythromycin resistance among invasive Streptococcus pneumoniae isolates reported by laboratories in the southern and eastern Mediterranean region. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 15(3), pp. 232-237.

BORG, M.A., BENBACHIR, M., COOKSON, B.D., REDJEB, S.B., ELNASSER, Z., RASSLAN, O., GÜR, D., DAOUD, Z. and BAGATZOUNI, D.P., 2009. Health care worker perceptions of hand hygiene practices and obstacles in a developing region. American Journal of Infection Control, 37(10), pp. 855-857.

BORG, M.A., BENBACHIR, M., COOKSON, B.D., REDJEB, S.B., ELNASSER, Z., RASSLAN, O., GÜR, D., DAOUD, Z. and BAGATZOUNI, D.P., 2009. Self-protection as a driver for hand hygiene among healthcare workers. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 30(6), pp. 578-580.

BORG, M.A., COOKSON, B.D., ZARB, P. and SCICLUNA, E.A., 2009. Antibiotic resistance surveillance and control in the Mediterranean region: report of the ARMed consensus conference. The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, 3(09), pp. 654-659.

BORG, M.A., SUDA, D. and SCICLUNA, E., 2008. Time-series analysis of the impact of bed occupancy rates on the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in overcrowded general wards. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 29(6), pp. 496-502.

BORG, M.A., ZARB, P., FERECH, M. and GOOSSENS, H., 2008. Antibiotic consumption in southern and eastern Mediterranean hospitals: results from the ARMed project. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 62(4), pp. 830-836.

BORG, M.A., COOKSON, B.D., GÜR, D., REDJEB, S.B., RASSLAN, O., ELNASSAR, Z., BENBACHIR, M., BAGATZOUNI, D.P., RAHAL, K. and DAOUD, Z., 2008. Infection control and antibiotic stewardship practices reported by south-eastern Mediterranean hospitals collaborating in the ARMed project. Journal of Hospital Infection, 70(3), pp. 228-234.

BORG, M.A., SANDE, V.D., SCICLUNA, E., DE KRAKER, M., TIEMERSMA, E., MONEN, J. and GRUNDMANN, H., 2008. Antimicrobial resistance in invasive strains of Escherichia coli from southern and eastern Mediterranean laboratories. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 14(8), pp. 789-796.

BORG, M.A., SUDA, D. and SCICLUNA, E., 2008. Time-series analysis of the impact of bed occupancy rates on the incidence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection in overcrowded general wards. Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, 29(6), pp. 496-502.

BORG, M.A., ZARB, P., FERECH, M. and GOOSSENS, H., 2008. Antibiotic consumption in southern and eastern Mediterranean hospitals: results from the ARMed project. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 62(4), pp. 830-836.

BORG, M.A., DE KRAKER, M., SCICLUNA, E., VAN DE SANDE-BRUINSMA, N., TIEMERSMA, E., MONEN, J. and GRUNDMANN, H., 2007. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in invasive isolates from southern and eastern Mediterranean countries. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 60(6), pp. 1310-1315.

BORG, M.A., DE KRAKER, M., SCICLUNA, E., VAN, D.S., TIEMERSMA, E., MONEN, J. and GRUNDMANN, H., 2007. Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in invasive isolates from southern and eastern Mediterranean countries. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 60(6), pp. 1310-1315.

LYNCH, P., PITTET, D., BORG, M.A. and MEHTAR, S., 2007. Infection control in countries with limited resources.

LYNCH, P., ROSENTHAL, V.D., BORG, M.A. and EREMIN, S.R., 2007. Infection control: a global view. Bennett and Brachman’s Hospital infections.Fifth edition.Philadelphia, PA, USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, , pp. 255.

BORG, M., SCICLUNA, E., DE KRAKER, M., VAN DE SANDE-BRUINSMA, N., TIEMERSMA, E., GÜR, D., REDJEB, S.B., RASSLAN, O., ELNASSAR, Z. and BENBACHIR, M., 2006. Antibiotic resistance in the southeastern Mediterranean–preliminary results from the ARMed project. Eurosurveillance, 11(7), pp. 11-12.

BORG, M., SCICLUNA, E. and SUDA, D., 2006. P4. 01 Impact of Overcrowding on Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Incidence in General Ward Settings-a Time Series Analysis. Journal of Hospital Infection, 64, pp. S20.

BORG, M.A., 2006. Safe disposal of clinical waste: where is the science? Journal of Hospital Infection, 62(2), pp. 243-244.

BORG, M.A., SCICLUNA, E., TIEMERSMA, E., GÜR, D., BEN, S.R., RASSLAN, O., ELNASSAR, Z., BENBACHIR, M., PIERIDOU, D.B. and RAHAL, K., 2006. Antibiotic resistance in the southeastern Mediterranean--preliminary results from the ARMed project. Euro surveillance: bulletin Europeen sur les maladies transmissibles= European communicable disease bulletin, 11(7), pp. 164-167.

BORG, M., SCICLUNA, E. and TIEMERSMA, E., 2005. Antibiotic resistance in the south-eastern Mediterranean. Clinical Microbiology & Infection Supplement, 11, pp. 617-618.

BORG, M.A., COOKSON, B.D. and SCICLUNA, E.A., 2005. National infection control initiatives within countries of the southern and eastern Mediterranean. Journal of Hospital Infection, 60(2), pp. 182-185.

BORG, M.A., ZERAFA, R., MORRISON, D. and CUSCHIERI, P., 2005. Incidence of glycopeptide hetero-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus strains in Maltese hospitals. Clinical microbiology and infection, 11(5), pp. 405-407.

BORG, M. and SCICLUNA, E., 2004. Antibiotic resistance in the Mediterranean region: the ARMed project. Weekly releases (1997–2007), 8(7), pp. 2384.

BORG, M.A. and SCICLUNA, E.A., 2002. Over-the-counter acquisition of antibiotics in the Maltese general population. International journal of antimicrobial agents, 20(4), pp. 253-257.

BORG, M. and PORTELLI, A., 1999. Hospital laundry workers—an at-risk group for hepatitis A? Occupational medicine, 49(7), pp. 448-450.

  • ABS2014 - Medical Microbiology 2
  • HSC1002 - Disease Prevention and Control
  • HSM5115 - Basic Principles of Patient Safety
  • MDS2004 - Microbiology
  • MDS3009 - Pathology
  • MDS3011 - Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics 1
  • MDS4014 - Dermatology, Venereology and Infectious Diseases
  • MDS4019 - Paediatrics 1
  • MLS4002 - Applied Microbiology
  • PAT1500 - Microbiology and Immunology
  • PAT2322 - General and Pharmaceutical Microbiology 2
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