Dr Anna Khakee

Dr Anna Khakee

Dr Anna Khakee


Senior Lecturer

Room 245
International Relations
Old Humanities Building (OH)
University of Malta
  +356 2340 2614
Dr Anna Khakee obtained her first degree from Lund University, Sweden where she majored in Political Science. She went on to study for an M.A. (Diplome d'Etudes Superieures, D.E.S.) and a Ph.D. in Political Science and International Relations at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID) in Geneva, Switzerland.

Dr. Khakee joined the Department of International Relations at the University of Malta in 2011. She served as its Network on Humanitarian Action (NOHA) Director 2014-2021 and as Head of Department 2016-2020. Prior to her appointment, she worked as a Senior Researcher at IHEID in Geneva and for several years as a consultant to think tanks and international organizations, including Amnesty International, EuroMeSCo, FRIDE, Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF), the Norwegian Peacebuilding Centre, The Policy Practice, and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

She has been a guest lecturer at Universite Aix-Marseille, College of Europe, DiploFoundation, University Institute of Lisbon, United Nations University for Peace, Geneva Centre for Security Policy, and Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations. For six years, she was a member of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs Board of Selection for the co-funding of development projects under Malta's Official Development Assistance (ODA) funds. Since 2021, she is a member of the Oversight Committee for the National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.

Dr Khakee's research interests include democratization/democracy promotion and humanitarian action. Her previous research has also focused extensively on human security. Dr. Khakee has published widely, including in international journals such as Democratization, Journal of North African Studies, Mediterranean Politics, Mediterranean Quarterly, Communist and Post-Communist Studies, East European Politics and Societies and Humanitarian Alternatives.
  • Democracy assistance and democratisation
  • Humanitarian action
  • Human security

KHAKEE, A., 2021. Opening up the notion of “closing space”: accounting for normative, actor, and political system diversity. Democratization, DOI: 10.1080/13510347.2021.2008360.

KHAKEE, A. and WEILANDT, R., 2021. Supporting democratic participation beyond democracy promotion? EU Relations with Moroccan and Tunisian civil society in the areas of trade and anti-corruption. Mediterranean Politics, DOI: 10.1080/13629395.2021.1883282.

KHAKEE, A. and WOLFF, S., 2021. EU democracy projection in the Southern Mediterranean a practice analysis. Mediterranean Politics, .

KHAKEE, A., 2020. Why Covid-19 should not be considered as solely a humanitarian emergency. Alternatives Humanitaires/Humanitarian Alternatives, (14), pp. 137-147.

KHAKEE, A., 2019. European Democracy Promotion in the Southern Mediterranean. https://www.iemed.org/publicacions/historic-de-publicacions/focus/153.-european-democracy-promotion-in-the-southern-mediterranean?set_language=ca edn. Barcelona: IEMed Aula Mediterrània series.

KHAKEE, A., 2018. “Plus ça Change… Civilizations, Political Systems, and Power Politics: A critique of Huntington’s ‘Clash of Civilizations’ 25 years on”. In: D. ORSI, ed, The ‘Clash of Civilizations’ 25 Years On: A Multidisciplinary Appraisal. E-International Relations, pp. 87-97.

KHAKEE, A., 2018. Democracy over Power? The Democratic Decision-making Process in the Case of the Attempted Privatization of Estonia's Power Production. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 51(4), pp. 361-373.

KHAKEE, A., 2018. Humanitarian Action in International Relations: Power and politics. In: H. HEINTZE and P. THIELBORGER, eds, International Humanitarian Action: NOHA Textbook. Springer, pp. 19-29.

KHAKEE, A. and YOUNGS, R., 2018. Geopolitics and Democracy in the European Neighbourhood Policy. In: T. SCHUMACHER, A. MARCHETTI and T. DEMMELHUBER, eds, The Routledge Handbook on the European Neighbourhood Policy. Routledge, pp. 456-466.

KHAKEE, A., 2017. Democracy Aid or Autocracy Aid? Unintended effects of democracy assistance in Morocco. The Journal of North African Studies, , pp. 238-258.

CALLEJA-RAGONESI, I., KHAKEE, A. and PISANI, M., 2014. Blessed Is He Who Considers the Human Rights Paradigm: Maltese Aid between Charity and Human Rights and between Catholicism and Secularism. Mediterranean Quarterly, 25(3), pp. 99-122.

KHAKEE, A., 2014. The MINURSO Mandate, Human Rights and the Autonomy Solution for Western Sahara  . Mediterranean Politics, 19(3), pp. 456-462.

KHAKEE, A., 2011. The Western Saharan Autonomy Proposal and Political Reform in Morocco. Oslo: NOREF (Norwegian Peacebuilding Resource Centre).

KHAKEE, A., 2010. Assessing Democracy Assistance: Morocco. Madrid: Joint report FRIDE/World Movement for Democracy.

KHAKEE, A., 2010. Interests vs. Ideals: EU Democracy Promotion in Nigeria
. In: R. YOUNGS, ed, The European Union and Democracy Promotion: A Critical Global Assessment. Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 175-196.

KHAKEE, A., 2009. Securing Democracy? A Comparative Analysis of Emergency Powers in Europe
Policy Paper No. 30. Geneva: Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).

  • IRL1081 - The Global Politics of Inequality: Realities and Perspectives
  • IRL2063 - Introduction to Humanitarian Action
  • IRL2082 - Research Methods
  • IRL2099 - Conflict Resolution and International Relations
  • IRL5036 - NOHA Intensive Programme
  • IRL5061 - Methodology and Research Methods in Humanitarian Studies
  • IRL5066 - World Politics in Humanitarian Action